By Nicholas Rescher
Nicholas Rescher offers the 1st complete chronology of philosophical anecdotes, spanning from antiquity to the present period. He introduces us to the key thinkers, texts, and historic classes of Western philosophy, recounting the various tales philosophers have used over the years to have interaction with problems with philosophical problem: questions of which means, fact, wisdom, worth, motion, and ethics.
Rescher’s anecdotes contact on quite a lot of themes—from common sense to epistemology, ethics to metaphysics—and provide a lot perception into the breadth and intensity of philosophical inquiry. This booklet illustrates a number of the methods philosophers all through heritage have seen the problems of their box, and the way anecdotes can paintings to notify and inspire philosophical inspiration.
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Extra info for A Journey through Philosophy in 101 Anecdotes
C. Black, 1930). 15 nichol as rescher this case about the proper foci of worship—lies in the eyes of the beholder or, to be more accurate about it, the types of beholders at issue. The pivotal idea here is that differently situated viewers will see things from their own point of view. The idea was further elaborated by Xenophanes’s younger countryman Protagoras (ca. 490– ca. ” Xenophanes’s perspective turned the biblical account of the man-God relationship on its head. For where the Bible says that God created man in His own image, Xenophanes in effect tells us that man conceived of God in his own image.
In Plato’s Theory of Knowledge: The Theaetetus and Sophist of Plato, translated by F. M. Cornford. London: Routledge, 1935. Runciman, W. Plato’s Later Epistemology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1962. Sosa, Ernest, Jaegwon Kim, and Matthew McGrath, eds. Epistemology: An Anthology. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 2008. White, N. P. Plato on Knowledge and Reality. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1976. 47 16 ARISTOTLE’S SEA BATTLE Aristotle (384–322 BC) saw it, the future is a blank page, awaiting the writing of unfolding history.
There are no nonexistent possibilities: all possibilities are somehow extant, and reality accommodates all possibilities for such alternatives through spatial distribution in different regions: “There are innumerable worlds, which differ in size. In some worlds there is no sun and moon, in others they are larger than in our world, and in others more numerous. The intervals between the worlds are unequal; in some parts there are more worlds, in others fewer; some are increasing, some at their height, some decreasing.