By Edmund M. Clarke (auth.), Orna Grumberg, Helmut Veith (eds.)
Model checking know-how is one of the most appropriate functions of common sense to computing device technological know-how and machine engineering. The version checking neighborhood has completed many breakthroughs, bridging the space among theoretical machine technological know-how and and software program engineering, and it really is achieving out to new hard components resembling approach biology and hybrid structures. version checking is largely utilized in the and has additionally been utilized to the verification of many sorts of software program. version checking has been brought into machine technological know-how and electric engineering curricula at universities world wide and has develop into a common device for the research of systems.
This Festschrift quantity, released in party of the twenty fifth Anniversary of version Checking, incorporates a choice of eleven invited papers in accordance with talks on the symposium "25 Years of version Checking", 25MC, which was once a part of the 18th overseas convention on desktop Aided Verification (CAV 2006), which in flip was once a part of the Federated good judgment convention (FLoC 2006) held in Seattle, WA, united states, in August 2006.
Model checking is presently attracting massive realization past the center technical neighborhood, and the ACM Turing Award 2007 used to be given in popularity of the paradigm-shifting paintings in this subject initiated 1 / 4 century in the past. the following we honor that success with the inclusion of facsimile reprints of the visionary papers on version checking by way of Edmund Clarke and Allen Emerson, and via Jean-Pierre Queille and Joseph Sifakis.
Read or Download 25 Years of Model Checking: History, Achievements, Perspectives PDF
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Concerning the Author
Joe Kissell has written many books in regards to the Mac, together with many renowned Take keep watch over ebooks. He's additionally a contributing editor of TidBITS and a senior contributor to Macworld, and formerly spent 10 years within the Mac software program industry.
Macs are usually relatively trustworthy as pcs pass, yet they could nonetheless be afflicted by major difficulties. during this crucial consultant from best-selling writer Joe Kissell (based on his previous ebook Take regulate of Troubleshooting Your Mac), you’ll examine 17 easy troubleshooting techniques and the way to resolve 21 universal difficulties, in addition to an easy-to-follow technique for troubleshooting novel difficulties. no matter if your Mac won’t activate, studies crashes or kernel panics again and again, won’t print, or can’t hook up with the net, this publication has the calm, pleasant recommendation you want to discover a resolution. This publication is for all Macs working OS X 10. nine Mavericks, 10. 10 Yosemite, or 10. eleven El Capitan.
The 17 uncomplicated troubleshooting approaches you’ll study (along with the explanations they could aid) are:
Force-quit an app
Restart your Mac
Log in to a different person account
Start up from one other volume
Run disk fix utilities
Erase and repair from a backup
Repair permissions (in Yosemite and earlier)
Start up in secure mode
Check choice files
Reset NVRAM or SMC
Use task Monitor
Check loose disk space
Check log files
Check your RAM
Test for reproducibility
Get approach information
Joe additionally explains the right way to remedy 21 universal difficulties, including:
Your Mac won’t flip on
Your Mac stalls in the course of startup
Your Mac retains turning itself off
Your fan runs excessively
Your Mac is abnormally slow
You can’t empty the Trash
An app grinds to a halt
An app crashes
You adventure repeated kernel panics
The keyboard or mouse doesn’t work
You lose your web connection
Printing doesn’t work
Spotlight searches fail
Keychain (seemingly) forgets passwords
Apple Mail fails to connect
Time laptop misbehaves
A quantity won’t unmount
The “Open With” menu includes errors
iCloud facts doesn’t sync properly
Continuity good points fail
Your laptop’s battery misbehaves
This publication is predicated on an prior identify of mine known as Take regulate of Troubleshooting Your Mac, which was once final up-to-date in 2012 and has now been retired. With the type permission and cooperation of the folk at Take keep watch over Books, I’ve “adopted” that ebook and became it into this new and enormously revised identify. the general constitution is sort of an analogous, yet I’ve completely up-to-date the textual content in order that it displays the newest models of OS X, provides new innovations I’ve stumbled on to be priceless, and offers the main exact and up to date information regarding Mac troubleshooting. (And, after all, I’ve altered the appear and feel of the e-book to mirror the Joe On Tech model. )
If you’ve already learn Take regulate of Troubleshooting Your Mac, you could give some thought to this new booklet as being such as a tremendous new version. during this booklet I made enormous quantities of small adjustments (mainly to mirror the adjustments in OS X 10. nine Mavericks, 10. 10 Yosemite, and 10. eleven El Capitan, and in third-party software program and services), in addition to a number of higher ones:
Under Run Disk fix Utilities, extra particular directions to exploit Disk application in El Capitan, Yosemite, and Mavericks
Added a brand new sidebar, the best way to inform even if you would like a brand new difficult Drive
Explained tips on how to log in to a different person account for troubleshooting purposes
Greatly revised fee choice documents and transparent Caches with updated advice
Added six new issues within the remedy universal difficulties chapter:
Your Mac Stalls in the course of Startup
Your Fan Runs Excessively
The “Open With” Menu comprises Errors
iCloud info Doesn’t Sync Properly
Continuity positive aspects Fail
Your Laptop’s Battery Misbehaves
Expanded the checklist of items to envision on your Mac retains Turning Itself Off
Completely made over the subject You event Repeated Kernel Panics
Added new issues within the Time desktop Misbehaves classification: fix records After a or identify switch and locate lacking Volumes
Added a sidebar approximately selfmade maintenance: changing elements by yourself
Dedicated completely to the professional PL/I Precompiler, this handbook supplementations the language-independent Programmer's advisor to the Oracle Precompilers. An realizing of the cloth within the Programmer's consultant is thought. This spouse publication indicates you ways to put in writing PL/I courses that use the powerfuldatabase language SQL to entry and manage Oracle info.
The second Workshop on internet providers, E-Business, and the Semantic net (WES) used to be held in the course of June 16–17, 2003 together with CAiSE 2003, the fifteenth foreign convention on complex info structures Engineering. the web is altering the way in which companies function. agencies are utilizing the net to bring their items and prone, to discover buying and selling companions, and to hyperlink their current (maybe legacy) functions to different purposes.
The advances in laptop imaginative and prescient and trend acceptance and their purposes replicate the robust and starting to be curiosity within the box, in addition to the various possibilities and demanding situations it deals. This moment version represents updated growth and information during this box. The functions and technological concerns are emphasised to mirror the broad applicability of the sphere in lots of functional difficulties.
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Additional resources for 25 Years of Model Checking: History, Achievements, Perspectives
Remark. It should be emphasized that not all systems with, say, 1090 states can be handled, since there are relatively few succinct representations and they are insuﬃcient to cover all such astronomically large systems. The pertinent fact is that the method works routinely on the large systems encountered in practice. On the other hand, there are some relatively small hardware systems for which BDDs are too big, while a conventional explicit state representation is workable. In software model checking, Microsoft has routinely veriﬁed device drivers with 100,000 lines of code.
The SAT approach can accommodate larger designs than the BDD approach. However it only explores for “close” errors at depth bounded by k where typically k ranges from a few tens to hundreds of steps. In general it cannot ﬁnd “deep” errors and provide veriﬁcation of correctness. Remark. It should be emphasized that not all systems with, say, 1090 states can be handled, since there are relatively few succinct representations and they are insuﬃcient to cover all such astronomically large systems. The pertinent fact is that the method works routinely on the large systems encountered in practice.
1–12. Stanford Univ. : Program Proving as Hand Simulation with a Little Induction. In: IFIP Congress, pp. : The Design and Synthesis of Synchronization Skeletons Using Temporal Logic. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Logics of Programs, IBM Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, May 1981. LNCS, vol. 131, pp. 52–71. : Automatic Veriﬁcation of Finite State Concurrent Systems Using Temporal Logic Speciﬁcations. ACM Trans. Prog. Lang. and Sys. : Program Invariants as Fixpoints. : Model Checking Contractual Protocols.